For as long as people have been practicing medicine, rudimentary as it might have been for most of history, people have been performing abortions. In the United States, abortion was outlawed in the mid-1800s, the reason being that the procedure was too dangerous; before then it had been legal until quickening. This rationale dissolved as techniques improved and the procedure, when performed in sterile settings by a knowledgeable practitioner, became safer than childbirth itself, and abortion was legalized with the Roe v. Wade decision in 1973. For the century or so during which abortion was prohibited, women continued to seek them out. We’ve all heard the horror stories about the injuries and deaths that could result from illegal abortions. This image was widespread during those years as well, which makes it all the more telling that women still sought illegal abortions – a woman’s need to control her own destiny could outweigh a genuine fear of death.
The Abortionist: A Woman Against the Law by Rickie Solinger (1996) tells the story of Ruth Barnett, an abortionist in the Pacific Northwest who practiced from 1918 to 1968. Barnett’s success as an abortionist – she served tens of thousands of patients and never lost a single one – stands in stark contrast to the caricature of the back-alley butcher. Although incompetent, sloppy, and predatory abortionists did exist in the pre-Roe years, there were many, like Barnett, whose skilled work ensured that some women could obtain safe, albeit illegal, abortions. Continue reading
Posted in Book Reviews
Tagged abortion, Abortion Omnibus Bill, abortionist, abortionists, back-alley abortions, Chicago, feminism, illegal abortion, Jan Brewer, Jane, Laura Kaplan, Pap smear, Pap smears, Rickie Solinger, Roe v. Wade, Ruth Barnett, sex education, Supreme Court
Arizona offers voters the option of registering to vote through the Permanent Early Voter List. Putting your name on the Permanent Early Voter list means you will automatically receive an Early Voting Ballot for every election that you are eligible to participate in without the need to request a ballot for each election.
Early ballots provide voters several advantages:
1. No need to stand in line. I hate to stand in line. Anywhere. Sending an early ballot in the mail means I don’t have to plan my day around a trip to the polling location. It doesn’t get any better than that.
2. Take your time filling out the ballot. Early voting ballots can be filled out at home. You can take your time reading about the candidates and consulting voter education guides, such as the list of pro-choice candidates compiled by Planned Parenthood Advocates of Arizona. No need to memorize a list of names that you’ll be voting for, because you can fill out the early voting ballot at your leisure. Continue reading
Hormonal birth control has an incredible history that stretches back almost a century, when Margaret Sanger wrote of her dream of a “magic pill” in 1912. In the ensuing decades, scientists were busy piecing together the complex system of the body’s “chemical messengers,” hormones, and when they learned how to synthesize them in the ’40s, Sanger’s dream was but a few steps away from being fulfilled. Three engaging accounts of the Pill’s development – The Pill: A Biography of the Drug That Changed the World by Bernard Asbell (1995), America and the Pill: A History of Promise, Peril, and Liberation by Elaine Tyler May (2010), and Jungle Laboratories: Mexican Peasants, National Projects, and the Making of the Pill by Gabriela Soto Laveaga (2009) – contain some overlap, while offering different perspectives.
Each author tells the inspiring story of Russell Marker, the chemist who first finagled progesterone from a wild-growing Mexican yam. Despite a near lack of support from pharmaceutical companies and the scientific community, he traveled to rural Mexico on a hunch – and ended up co-founding a laboratory that became the world’s top hormone supplier for the next few decades. Before Marker formulated a way to synthesize hormones in abundance, they were derived from slaughterhouse byproducts and were prohibitively expensive. Marker’s experiments enabled further medical research in hormones, and progesterone was soon used not only in oral contraceptives, but as a precursor for other medications such as cortisone.
While Carl Djerassi is often credited as the “father of the Pill,” both Asbell and May tip their hats to Margaret Sanger and Katharine McCormick, the Pill’s “mothers.” These two women also have fascinating biographies. As a nurse in the early twentieth century, Sanger was acquainted with the horrors that arose when women did not have control over their fertility. Many of her patients became infected or even died as the result of illegal or self-induced abortions, which motivated Sanger to become an activist for contraception’s legalization – an avocation that saw her illegally smuggling diaphragms into the country and serving time in jail after opening a family-planning clinic in Brooklyn. Continue reading
Posted in Birth Control, Book Reviews
Tagged Bernard Absell, book review, Carl Djerassi, clinical trials, contraceptives, Elaine Tyler May, Gabriela Soto Laveaga, Gregory Pincus, hormonal birth control, hormones, John Rock, Katharine McCormick, Luis Miramontes, Margaret Sanger, Mexico, norethindrone, oral contraceptives, progesterone, Russell Marker, the Pill, yam